E-cigarettes may help cigarette smokers

E-cigarettes may help cigarette smokers quit

General, ,

Various forms of e-cigarettes have become popular globally
in the past few years. And while over 800 research studies have already been
carried out on the personal and public health aspects of this new trend,
questions and controversies still remain.

Most of the controversy revolved around if e-cigarettes are
safer than conventional cigarettes. Another question is if e-cigarettes make it
easier for teenagers and young people to pick up a nicotine habit, even if they
were not cigarette smokers before.

A third question is if people trying to quit regular cigarettes can quit easier if they transition to e-cigarettes first. The results of the studies have given mixed results. But until now, none of the studies have been of the highest quality—the randomized controlled type.

E-cigarettes twice as effective

Now a high-quality study— funded by the British government and published in the 30 January New England Journal of Medicine—has reached a conclusion. They found yes, e-cigarettes are about twice as effective to help people quit cigarettes compared with other nicotine replacement products such as nicotine gum or patches.

The British study

The researchers recruited 866 volunteers who were attending
a stop smoking clinic. One half of the participants were given an e-cigarette
starter pack and were instructed to use e-cigarettes instead of real cigarettes
for the next year. The other half of the participants were given samples of
whatever other nicotine replacement medication they desired. It could be
nicotine gum, lozenge, skin patch, or nasal spray. Note that all the
participants were closely followed during the year, and were encouraged to
attend weekly support groups.

After one year

At the end of the study, at one year, the results showed
that 18% of people who used e-cigarettes were able to completely stop their use
of regular cigarettes. For the group who used other forms of nicotine, slightly
less than 10% were able to quit. Also, the people who used e-cigarettes found
them more pleasant to use than the other products such as patches or gum.

One caution

The main point of concern however was at the end of the
study, about 80% of the e-cigarette users were still using their device
regularly. Only 9% in the other nicotine replacement group were still using
their nicotine patch, gum, etc.

Nicotine is addictive

Nicotine is a highly addictive drug, but still, most experts
agree that smoking an e-cigarette is much less harmful to health than smoking
regular cigarettes. E-cigarettes do not have the tar and many other carcinogenic
toxins found in burned tobacco smoke.

If you smoke

You might consider the e-cigarette option if you have failed
other methods for quitting. You may still be addicted to the nicotine, but the
data also suggests that quitting an e-cigarette habit is easier than quitting a
traditional cigarette, and you won’t be inhaling the cigarette carcinogens. The
health effects of long-term use of pure nicotine are still not known.

To find a doctor, of any specialty, anywhere in Brazil, check out our website: www.Procuramed.com.

See also in ProcuraMed:

Are hookahs safer than smoking cigarettes?

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Esta postagem também está disponível em: Portuguese (Brazil)

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